With the MENA region under increasingly high levels of water stress, desalination is necessary to supply sufficient fresh water to the region. Applying CSP technology to power the desalination process is a possible solution in which investigation is still underway. There are numerous CSP desalination pilot plants and it remains clear that sustainable and efficient solutions must be explored to help the region meet its desalination demand.

Below you can find three graphs taken from Beyond Scarcity: Water Security in the Middle East and North Africa, published by the World Bank, that help depict the current state of desalination and water scarcity in the MENA region.