The figure has been reduced by 40% in just one year by the effect of the moratorium on renewable energy.
The Spanish concentrated solar power industry employed a total of 17,816 people in 2012, a figure that has been reduced by 40% in just one year (compared to 28,855 jobs by the end of 2011), as a result of renewable moratorium, which has not maintained the pace of construction planned in the National Action Plan for Renewable Energy.
Additionally, regulatory changes, retroactive acts, have a decisive impact on profitability and business continuity in Spain, threatening the maintenance of 20,000 jobs, which would correspond to Spain’s commitments to the European Union in 2020.
Of total employment in 2012, 15,607 were associated with construction activities of CSP plants. Currently is in the process of building a total of five concentrated solar power plants in Spain, three in Cáceres, one in Seville and one in Alicante.
The gradual start-up of solar thermal plants allowed to raise by 53% the number of jobs aimed at power plant operation in 2012, reaching 2,209 jobs compared to 1,175 in 2011, according to the Report of the Macroeconomic Impact of Solar Thermal Energy Sector 2012 .
The local component of the construction, installation and operation has grown steadily and today, a solar thermal project generates between 50% and 80% of purchases from the supply chain in the country where it grows.
The solar thermal industry contributes significantly to employment generation and socio-economic development in many regions. It is estimated that each CSP plant of 50 MW under construction in Spain employs 500 people in the right location, during his two years of installation, and requires an average staff of 50 people indefinitely in the plant.
The concentrating solar thermal reached 1953.9 MW of cumulative installed capacity in 2012, mainly distributed in five regions: 950 MW in Andalucia, Extremadura with 600 MW, 350 MW in Castilla-La Mancha, 31.4 in Murcia and 22.5 MW in Catalonia. Its effects on the industry are also notable in other communities such as the Basque Country and Madrid, but do not have solar thermal installations.
Between 2010 and 2012, the CSP industry contributed about 6,000 million euros to Spanish GDP figures also alleviating deficit with tax contributions and unemployment avoided. This impact has been particularly significant in the southern regions of Spain, who see the locomotive solar thermal projects of industrial development and a key tool for economic convergence in the future definitely.